What is the Philippine Government Portability Law?

Republic Act 7699, or the Portability Law, is a significant piece of legislation for Filipino workers who have careers spanning both the public and private sectors. Enacted in May 1994, this ensures that individuals can combine their service credits and contributions from the Government Service Insurance System (GSIS) and the Social Security System (SSS). This integration is important for those who may not meet the full eligibility requirements for a pension from either system individually.

Targeted primarily at workers with fragmented career paths, the legislation facilitates a fair distribution of pension benefits, starting at the age of 60, based on proportional payments to each system. If you’re navigating your retirement options and have remittances in both sectors, understanding and leveraging this legislation could significantly impact your retirement security.

portability law

Introduction to Republic Act 7699

Republic Act 7699, also known as the Portability Law, was enacted in May 1994. This plays an essential part in the lives of many Filipino workers who have been employed in both the public and private sectors. It allows for the totalization of service credits and contributions from both the Government Service Insurance System (GSIS) and the Social Security System (SSS), ensuring that workers receive fair pension benefits despite not meeting the full eligibility requirements of either system.

Significance of this Law

The Philippine Government Portability Law (Republic Act No. 7699) plays a significant role in ensuring Filipinos’ social security benefits aren’t disadvantaged by shifting between public and private sectors.  Prior to this 1994 legislation, workers’ contributions to the Government Service Insurance System (GSIS) and Social Security System (SSS) couldn’t be combined. This was unfair for those who transitioned careers, potentially leaving them with insufficient contributions in either system to qualify for full retirement benefits.  The Government Service Insurance System (GSIS) itself acknowledges this in its official information, highlighting how the Portability Law allows workers to combine their creditable service or contributions from both SSS and GSIS. This ensures Filipino workers receive the benefits they deserve regardless of their employment sector, promoting a more secure and just social security system.

Legal Basis of the Portability Law

The Portability Law bridges the GSIS and the SSS, two major pension funds in the Philippines, providing a legal framework that combines the service years and remittances made under both systems. This integration helps those who have split their careers between government and private sector jobs, enabling them to qualify for pension benefits which otherwise might not be accessible due to insufficient payments to one system.

Benefits of the Portability Law

Under this legislation, the benefits are primarily in the form of a monthly pension payable at the age of 60. Here’s how the benefits stack up:

  • Totalization of Contributions: Remittances to both GSIS and SSS are added together, meeting the qualification threshold for pension.
  • Proportional Payment: The pension amount is calculated proportionally based on how much was contributed to each system.

Who is Eligible?

Eligibility for benefits under the Portability Law requires:

  • Not qualifying for a pension from either GSIS or SSS due to insufficient service time or contributions.
  • Having less than 120 months of SSS contributions or less than 180 months of creditable GSIS service at the time of retirement.

Requirements for Applying

Applicants need to provide documentation of their employment history and contributions to both GSIS and SSS, ensuring there are no overlaps in the recorded periods of service.

Step-by-Step Guide to Benefit from the Portability Law

  1. Verification of Contributions: Check your total contributions and service periods in both the GSIS and SSS systems.
  2. Document Preparation: Gather all relevant employment records, contribution receipts, and other necessary documents.
  3. Application Submission: Submit your application along with the necessary documents to either GSIS or SSS, depending on where you have the higher amount of remittances.
  4. Benefit Calculation: Wait for the processing of your records and the calculation of your eligible benefits.
  5. Receive Pension: Upon approval, you will start receiving your monthly pension benefits from the age of 60.

Additional Insights

While the said legislation provides significant benefits, it’s important to note that beneficiaries do not receive the GSIS’s cash gift, pension increase, or milestone benefits, which are reserved for regular pensioners under the GSIS framework. This exclusion is due to the premium-based policy of the GSIS, ensuring actuarial solvency and fairness to all members.

Recent Updates

Portability Law Allows Retirees to Combine Service Years and Apply for Pensions

Under the Portability Law (Republic Act 7699), retirees have the option to combine their service years from the private sector and government. This also enables retirees to apply for pensions from the Government Service Insurance System (GSIS) or the Social Security System (SSS) if they are not eligible for one. Individuals can inquire about the process and follow-up on GSIS pensions through the provided contact number.

SSS Extends Online Filing of Retirement Benefit Claims for Self-Employed Members

The Philippine Social Security System (SSS) has expanded the mandatory online filing of retirement benefit claims to include self-employed members aged 60 to 64, effective July 1, 2022. The process involves accessing the My.SSS account, completing the necessary information, and submitting supporting documents. However, certain special cases still require manual filing at SSS branches.

SSS Launches Online Application for Pension Loan Program

The Social Security System (SSS) has introduced an online application platform for pensioners to apply for the Pension Loan Program (PLP) through their official website. This new online process provides a safe, convenient, and efficient way for retiree-pensioners to file their loan applications, offering various loan amounts and terms with an interest rate of 10 percent per annum. The PLP ensures that pensioners receive a minimum net take-home pension of at least 47.25 percent of their basic monthly pension (BMP), including additional benefits.


Tips to Navigate and Maximize your Earnings via this System

  1. Understand the Portability Law: Familiarize yourself with the provisions and eligibility criteria outlined in the Portability Law (Republic Act 7699) to ensure you meet the requirements for combining service years and applying for pensions.
  2. Keep Track of Contributions: Regularly monitor your GSIS remittances and ensure that you have paid the required number of monthly premiums to qualify for the benefits. Utilize GSIS online services or visit their branches to check your contribution record.
  3. Explore Pension Options: Assess your pension options under the said legislastion. Determine whether you are eligible for a pension from GSIS, SSS, or both, and choose the option that best suits your financial goals and needs.
  4. Seek Professional Advice: Consider consulting with a financial advisor or contacting GSIS directly to seek guidance on navigating the Portability Law and maximizing your earnings. They can provide personalized advice based on your specific circumstances.
  5. Plan for the Future: Take advantage of the portability feature to plan for a secure retirement. Develop a long-term financial plan and consider factors such as the number of service years, contribution amounts, and projected pension benefits to make informed decisions.


For Filipino workers jumping between government and private jobs, social security can feel like a maze. The question of merging GSIS and SSS payments has been a hot topic, promising a simpler system and potentially bigger pensions. But what’s the real deal? While talks exist, there’s no current plan to fully merge the funds. The good news is, RA 7699 already allows combining your contributions from both for a better shot at retirement benefits.



Republic Act 7699 is a lifeline for many Filipinos who have worked across different sectors, ensuring they are not left without pension benefits due to varied career paths. By understanding and utilizing this legal ground, eligible workers can secure a financially stable retirement.

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