National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC)

In the face of natural disasters, the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) stands as the guardian of disaster preparedness and response in the Philippines. From planning and coordination to relief and rehabilitation, they work tirelessly to keep Filipinos safe. Learn more about their core responsibilities and services in the following sections.

Credits: NDRRMC / Facebook

Background of the NDRRMC

The inception of the NDRRMC dates back to June 11, 1978, under Presidential Decree No. 1566, initially known as the National Disaster Coordinating Council (NDCC). It was restructured and redefined by Republic Act No. 10121, the Philippine Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Act of 2010, to meet the evolving needs of disaster risk management in the Philippines.

Objectives and Mandate

    • Primary Objective: The council’s foremost aim is to safeguard the well-being and welfare of Filipinos during disasters and emergencies. This objective reflects a shift from merely coordinating disaster response to a more holistic approach encompassing risk reduction.
    • Key Functions:
      • Planning and Leading: The NDRRMC takes charge of planning and leading disaster risk reduction and management activities nationwide.
      • Coordinating: It plays a pivotal role in orchestrating the efforts of government and non-government entities, the private sector, and civil society in all phases of disaster management.
      • Monitoring: Continuous monitoring of disaster situations enables the council to implement timely and effective response measures.
      • Public Education: Raising awareness and understanding of disaster risks and preparedness is a critical function, aiming to build a more resilient society.
      • International Cooperation: The NDRRMC represents the Philippines in international forums and initiatives related to disaster management, sharing knowledge, and garnering support.

Structure and Membership

  1. Composition:
    • The council is chaired by the President of the Philippines, reflecting its national importance and comprehensive approach.
    • It comprises 23 member agencies, including executive departments, local government units (LGUs), state universities, private sector organizations, non-government organizations (NGOs), and professional bodies. This diverse composition ensures a wide range of expertise and resources are brought to bear on disaster risk management.
  2. Roles and Responsibilities of Member Agencies:

By understanding the background, establishment, and operational structure of the NDRRMC, we can appreciate the complex and coordinated effort required to protect and serve the Filipino people in times of disaster and emergency. This comprehensive approach ensures that the Philippines is better prepared to mitigate risks, respond effectively to emergencies, and recover more quickly from disasters.

logo of NDRRMC

Key Functions of the NDRRMC

Disaster Preparedness

  1. Development of Plans and Policies for Disaster Preparedness: The NDRRMC is instrumental in crafting comprehensive national and local disaster risk reduction plans. These strategic plans are tailored to mitigate the impact of various natural and man-made disasters by outlining specific hazard contingencies and standard operating procedures for emergency responses. Established under the framework of the Office of Civil Defense (OCD) within the Department of National Defense (DND), the NDRRMC leverages its extensive history and experience, evolving from its former identity as the National Disaster Coordinating Council (NDCC) to its current, more integrated form.
  2. Training Programs and Public Awareness Campaigns: Training and education are cornerstones of the NDRRMC’s approach to disaster preparedness. The council orchestrates drills and exercises across government agencies and communities, ensuring that both the authorities and the public are well-prepared for various disaster scenarios. Furthermore, through public awareness campaigns and educational programs, the NDRRMC works to embed a culture of preparedness in the Filipino community, empowering individuals to take proactive measures in disaster situations.


Disaster Response

  1. Coordination of National and Local Efforts during Emergencies: In times of crisis, the NDRRMC transforms into a central command hub, coordinating a synchronized response among different government entities, non-government organizations, and private sector participants. By orchestrating these efforts, the NDRRMC ensures a unified and effective approach to emergency management, minimizing chaos and maximizing the efficiency of response operations.
  2. Mobilization of Resources and Support Services: The rapid deployment of emergency responders, equipment, and essential supplies is a critical function of the NDRRMC. The council oversees the logistical aspects of disaster response, from ensuring the timely delivery of humanitarian aid to facilitating evacuation and rescue operations. This mobilization is crucial for providing immediate relief to affected areas and preventing further escalation of disaster impacts.


Disaster Recovery and Rehabilitation

  1. Implementation of Rehabilitation and Recovery Programs: The role of the NDRRMC extends beyond immediate response to encompass long-term recovery and rehabilitation efforts. Post-disaster, the council assists communities in rebuilding infrastructure, restoring livelihoods, and providing psychosocial support to survivors. These programs are designed to bring affected areas back to normalcy and promote resilience against future disasters.
  2. Collaboration with Various Sectors for Effective Recovery: Recognizing the multifaceted nature of recovery, the NDRRMC collaborates with a wide array of partners, including government agencies, local governments, non-governmental organizations, international bodies, and the private sector. This collaborative approach ensures a comprehensive and inclusive recovery process, leveraging the strengths and expertise of various sectors.


Importance of Community Involvement

Local Government Units (LGUs) and community members are pivotal in strengthening the resilience of areas prone to disasters. Their intimate understanding of local landscapes and needs makes their involvement crucial in crafting effective disaster risk management strategies.

Community-based disaster risk management initiatives

    • Risk assessment and mapping: Communities, with their firsthand experience, play a vital role in identifying local hazards and vulnerabilities. By participating in risk mapping, they contribute invaluable insights into past disasters, helping to develop comprehensive risk profiles that inform better planning and resource allocation.
    • Early warning systems: Customized alert and evacuation procedures are more effective when tailored to specific community needs. Local participation in setting up, testing, and maintaining these systems ensures they are responsive and understood by everyone.
    • Preparedness and mitigation projects: Community involvement in projects like building drainage systems, retrofitting buildings, or environmental conservation efforts ensures that these initiatives are not only well-implemented but also sustained. Their participation brings in local knowledge and a sense of ownership, crucial for the long-term success of these projects.
    • Disaster response and recovery: In the aftermath of disasters, community volunteer groups become the first line of response. Their local knowledge and immediate actions in providing shelter, aid, and support in rebuilding activities are indispensable.

Empowering communities for self-resilience

    • Building local leadership: Cultivating leadership within communities ensures that in times of disaster, there are individuals ready to guide and make critical decisions.
    • Capacity building: Regular training and resource provision on preparedness, first aid, and emergency response empower communities to act swiftly and effectively during disasters.
    • Promoting collaboration: Strong partnerships between communities, LGUs, NGOs, and other stakeholders are fundamental. Collaborative efforts lead to more comprehensive and sustainable disaster risk reduction strategies.


How Individuals Can Participate

Every individual has the potential to contribute significantly to disaster risk reduction and management.

  1. Volunteer opportunities:
    • Join or form community emergency response teams (CERTs) to assist in times of disaster.
    • Offer your specific skills, such as medical, engineering, or communication expertise, to enhance the collective response capability.
    • Support disaster relief efforts through administrative, logistical, or fundraising activities.
  2. Educating oneself and others about disaster preparedness:
    • Understand the risks specific to your community and the necessary personal preparedness measures.
    • Participate in workshops and training sessions to enhance your knowledge and skills.
    • Disseminate this knowledge within your circle and encourage participation in drills and awareness campaigns.

Video: NDRRMC: PH disaster response, better compared to previous years

Discover the strides in disaster management as the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) reports a marked improvement in the government’s response to calamities, particularly during the challenging rainy season. With enhanced strategies and more efficient coordination, the Philippines is now better equipped than ever to face the adversities brought by nature, reflecting a commitment to safeguarding communities and fostering resilience in the face of ever-changing climatic challenges. Witness the progress as the NDRRMC continues to lead the nation toward a safer and more prepared future.

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