Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP)

The Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) is the central bank of the Philippines. It is responsible for maintaining price stability and promoting a sound financial system in the country. The BSP formulates and implements monetary policies to control inflation and ensure the stability of the Philippine peso. It also supervises and regulates banks and other financial institutions to maintain the integrity and efficiency of the banking system for the Filipino people. Additionally, the BSP issues currency and manages the country’s foreign exchange reserves.

Credits: BSP / Facebook

Functions of the BSP in Society

The BSP is the key agency responsible in helping maintain price stability and promoting a sound financial system in the Philippines. Here are the key aspects of the BSP’s function:

BSP logo
logo of BSP

Maintaining price stability

Controlling inflation through monetary policies

The BSP formulates and implements monetary policies to control inflation. By adjusting interest rates and managing the money supply, the BSP aims to keep inflation within a target range. This helps to ensure stable prices for goods and services, protecting the purchasing power of the Filipino people.

Ensuring the stability of the Philippine peso

The BSP also works to maintain the stability of the Philippine peso. It monitors exchange rates and intervenes in the foreign exchange market when necessary to prevent excessive volatility. A stable currency provides a favorable environment for trade, investment, and economic growth.

Promoting a sound financial system

Supervising and regulating banks and financial institutions

The BSP is responsible for supervising and regulating banks and other financial institutions in the Philippines. It sets prudential regulations and standards to ensure the safety and soundness of the banking system. By conducting regular inspections and assessments, the BSP aims to prevent financial crises and protect the interests of depositors and investors.

Ensuring the integrity and efficiency of the banking system

The BSP promotes the integrity and efficiency of the banking system by enforcing strict compliance with anti-money laundering and counter-terrorism financing measures. It also encourages the adoption of advanced technology and digital innovations in the financial sector to enhance the efficiency, security, and accessibility of financial services.


Currency issuance and management

Issuing and circulating Philippine currency

As the central bank, the BSP has the authority to issue and circulate Philippine currency. It ensures an adequate supply of banknotes and coins to meet the needs of the economy. The BSP also works to maintain the quality and security of the currency, implementing measures to prevent counterfeiting and protect the public from counterfeit money.

Managing the country’s foreign exchange reserves

The BSP manages the country’s foreign exchange reserves, which are held in various currencies. These reserves serve as a buffer to support the stability of the Philippine peso and ensure the country’s ability to meet its international payment obligations. The BSP carefully monitors and manages these reserves to safeguard the country’s external financial position.


Services and Programs Offered by the BSP

General Banking Services

In today’s fast-paced world, access to reliable and efficient banking services is essential. Whether you’re looking to open a savings account, apply for a loan, or simply manage your finances, general banking services provide the gateway to financial convenience. With a wide range of services offered by banks, you can easily deposit and withdraw funds, transfer money, pay bills, and even access your accounts online or through mobile banking apps. These services not only save you time and effort but also offer peace of mind knowing that your hard-earned money is secure.

  • Directory of Financial Service Access Points: Find banks, ATMs, and other financial service providers near you with the BSP’s handy directory.
  • List of Banks Offering Basic Deposit Accounts: Open a basic deposit account and start your financial journey with the help of this list from the BSP.
  • Bank Deposits: Learn about different types of bank deposits, understand their risks and returns, and make informed decisions about your savings.
  • Financial Investments: Explore various investment options like stocks, bonds, and mutual funds to grow your wealth over time.
  • Deposit and Financial Investment Advisories: Seek guidance from qualified professionals to make sound financial decisions that suit your goals and risk tolerance.


Embracing the convenience and efficiency of e-Banking has revolutionized the way Filipinos manage their finances. With just a few taps on their smartphones or clicks on their computers, individuals can now access a wide range of banking services anytime, anywhere.

  • Online Banking: Embrace the convenience and security of online banking for transactions, bill payments, and more.
  • ATMs: Find ATMs near you and learn about transaction fees and limits to manage your cash needs efficiently.

Payment and Transfer

In today’s fast-paced world, the ability to make seamless payments and transfers is essential. Whether you’re sending money to a loved one, paying bills, or making online purchases, the convenience and security of these transactions are paramount. That’s where the innovative solutions provided by financial institutions and digital payment platforms come into play.

  • Fees on Electronic Payments: Understand the different fees associated with electronic payments to make informed choices.
  • Empowering Every Juan and Maria: The BSP’s initiatives like PESONet and InstaPay aim to make financial services more accessible and affordable for everyone.

Notes and Coins

When it comes to handling physical currency, the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) goes above and beyond to ensure both convenience and security for Filipinos. With a wide range of services, the BSP strives to make transactions involving notes and coins seamless and hassle-free. From the issuance of new banknotes with enhanced security features to the efficient circulation of coins, the BSP keeps the economy running smoothly.

  • 1000-Piso Polymer Banknote: Learn about the features and security measures of the new 1000-peso polymer banknote.
  • New Generation Currency Banknote Series: Stay updated on the latest Philippine banknotes and their security features.
  • New Generation Currency Coin Series: Familiarize yourself with the new Philippine coins and their denominations.
  • Coin Deposit Machine Project: Find out where you can conveniently deposit your coins using the BSP’s coin deposit machines.

Consumer Protection

Through its comprehensive framework, the BSP ensures that financial institutions prioritize consumer welfare. This includes measures to prevent deceptive practices, promote responsible lending, and enhance transparency in financial transactions. By holding financial institutions accountable, the BSP empowers Filipinos to make informed decisions and protects them from potential risks and abuses.

  • Consumer Assistance Channels of BSP Supervised Financial Institutions: Contact the appropriate channels to address concerns or complaints about banks, insurers, and other financial institutions.
  • BSP Consumer Assistance Channels and BSP Online Buddy: Get help and ask questions directly from the BSP through their hotlines and online chatbot.
  • Comparative Table of Credit Card Interest Rates: Choose the best credit card offer for your needs by comparing interest rates and fees from different banks.
  • Financial Consumer Protection Videos: Watch informative videos from the BSP on various financial topics to make informed decisions.
  • Complaints, Inquiries, and Requests (CIR) Form: File a formal complaint or request assistance from the BSP if you encounter problems with financial institutions.

Retirement Planning

With the BSP’s guidance, you can explore various investment options, such as government securities and retirement savings accounts, that can help grow your nest egg over time. The BSP also emphasizes the importance of diversification and risk management, ensuring that your retirement funds are protected against market volatility.

  • Personal Equity and Retirement Account (PERA): Secure your future with a PERA, a tax-advantaged retirement savings plan.
  • PERA – Basic Reminders: Remember the key features and benefits of PERA to make the most of this retirement planning tool.
  • PERA – Investing Tips: Learn how to invest your PERA contributions wisely to maximize your retirement savings.

Overseas Filipino

Discover the invaluable services offered by the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) that cater specifically to your needs. From ensuring the security and integrity of banknotes and coins to promoting a stable financial system, the BSP is committed to safeguarding our OFWs’ hard-earned money and facilitating seamless financial transactions.

  • Overseas Filipino Portal: Access a wealth of information and resources designed for Filipinos living and working abroad.

Economic and Financial Learning

By promoting economic and financial literacy, the BSP aims to create a financially savvy population that can navigate the intricacies of the modern financial landscape. Armed with this knowledge, Filipinos can confidently plan for their future, make sound investment choices, and contribute to the overall economic growth of the country.

The BSP website offers a comprehensive library of resources on various economic and financial topics, including:

    • Infographics and explainer videos: Easy-to-understand content on complex financial concepts.
    • Interactive quizzes and games: Learn while having fun with engaging educational activities.
    • Educational publications and reports: Gain deeper insights into the Philippine economy and financial system.


Impact of the BSP’s Actions on Filipinos / OFWs

The actions of the BSP have a profound impact on Filipinos, including overseas Filipino workers (OFWs). These contribute to the well-being and economic stability of these populations, enhancing their financial security and supporting the growth of the Philippine economy.

Price stability and inflation control

The actions of the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) in maintaining price stability and controlling inflation have a direct impact on the lives of Filipinos, including OFWs.

  • Price stability ensures that the cost of goods and services remains relatively steady over time, allowing individuals and families to plan their budgets effectively.
  • When inflation is kept under control, the purchasing power of the Philippine peso is preserved, enabling Filipinos, including OFWs, to afford essential goods and services without experiencing a significant increase in prices.
  • This stability in prices helps OFWs in managing their remittances and ensuring that their families back home can maintain a decent standard of living.


Financial system stability and resilience

By supervising and regulating banks and financial institutions, the BSP ensures that these entities operate in a safe and secure manner.

  • This oversight helps protect the savings and investments of Filipinos, including OFWs, who rely on the banking system to store their hard-earned money.
  • The stability and resilience of the financial system also contribute to maintaining confidence in the banking sector, encouraging Filipinos and OFWs to engage in financial transactions, such as savings, investments, and remittances, with peace of mind.


Confidence in the Philippine peso and currency

The actions of the BSP instill confidence in the Philippine peso and currency. The BSP’s management of the country’s foreign exchange reserves helps maintain the stability of the peso against other currencies. This stability is essential for OFWs who send remittances back to the Philippines, as it ensures that the value of their hard-earned money is preserved when converted into pesos.

Additionally, the BSP’s efforts in ensuring the security and integrity of banknotes and coins instill trust in the Philippine currency, both domestically and internationally. This confidence in the peso and currency is vital for OFWs, as it facilitates their financial transactions and contributes to the overall economic stability of the country, being one of the country’s top contributors in terms of remittances. OFWs play an important role in the Philippine economy, and their remittances serve as a significant source of foreign exchange earnings.


Video: Empowering OFWs with Financial Knowledge: BSP’s Free Financial Literacy Sessions

Under the Pinansyal na Talino at Kaalaman (PiTaKa) campaign, the BSP is providing free financial literacy sessions for overseas Filipino workers (OFWs) through the PDOS provided by the DMW. BSP Economic and Financial Learning Office Bank Officer Jhen S. Espinosa explains how the program benefits OFWs.



In summary, the BSP greatly aids the Philippine economy through its functions in monetary policy formulation and implementation, banking supervision and regulation, and currency issuance and management. By effectively carrying out these functions, the BSP contributes to maintaining price stability, promoting a sound financial system, and ensuring the integrity of the Philippine currency.

error: Content is protected !!